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Step-by-Step Guide: Building Your Next.js Website from Scratch

How To Build Next Js

Learn how to build web applications with Next.js! Follow our step-by-step guide and start developing your own projects today.

Are you looking for a comprehensive guide on how to build Next Js? Look no further because we’ve got you covered! First and foremost, it’s important to understand that Next Js is a server-side rendering framework that’s built on top of React. This means that it provides you with a powerful combination of server-side rendering and client-side rendering, resulting in faster page load times and better SEO performance. Moreover, Next Js comes with several out-of-the-box features such as code splitting, automatic static optimization, and serverless deployment. However, building a Next Js app requires a certain level of expertise in both React and Node.js. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of building a Next Js app from scratch, including setting up your development environment, creating pages and components, and deploying your app to production.


Next.js is a popular React framework that can be used to create server-side rendering applications, static websites, and more. In this article, we will explore the steps involved in building a Next.js application from scratch.

Setting up the Environment


The first step in building a Next.js application is to set up the development environment. We need to install Node.js and npm to get started with the installation of Next.js. You can install the latest version of Node.js from the official website and npm will be installed automatically with Node.js.

Creating a New Project


After setting up the environment, we can create a new Next.js project using the following command:

npx create-next-app my-app

This command creates a new Next.js project with the name ‘my-app’. Once the project is created, navigate to the project directory using the following command:

cd my-app

Running the Development Server


We can start the development server using the following command:

npm run dev

This command starts the development server on port 3000. You can access the Next.js application by visiting the following URL in your browser:


Creating Pages


Next.js uses a file-based routing system, which means that each page is represented by a file in the ‘pages’ directory. To create a new page, we simply need to create a new file with the desired name in the ‘pages’ directory.

Adding Stylesheets


We can add stylesheets to our Next.js application using the import statement in the component where we want to use them. We can also load global stylesheets using the ‘_app.js’ file.

Using API Routes


Next.js provides an easy way to create API routes for our application. We can create a new API route by creating a new file in the ‘pages/api’ directory.

Building the Application


Once we are done with the development of our Next.js application, we can build it for production using the following command:

npm run build

This command creates an optimized production build of our application.

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Running the Production Server


We can start the production server using the following command:

npm run start

This command starts the production server on port 3000. You can access the Next.js application by visiting the following URL in your browser:



In this article, we explored the steps involved in building a Next.js application from scratch. We covered setting up the environment, creating a new project, running the development server, creating pages, adding stylesheets, using API routes, building the application, and running the production server. With these steps, you should be able to build your own Next.js application with ease.


In this guide, we will discuss how to build a Next.js application step by step. Next.js is a React-based framework that delivers server-side rendering with automatic code splitting out of the box. With Next.js, we can build performant, scalable, and SEO-optimized web applications with ease.

Setting up the environment:

Before building a Next.js application, we need to install Node.js, JavaScript runtime, on our local machine. We should also install npm or yarn package manager to manage the packages easily. After installing Node.js, we can create a new project using the npx command or by using the create-next-app CLI tool.

Creating a new Next.js project:

We can create a new Next.js project by using the npx command or by using the create-next-app CLI tool. The create-next-app CLI tool provides a set of boilerplate code that we can use to kickstart our project. We can also choose to create a custom server if we want to have more flexibility.

Configuring Next.js:

Next.js provides various configurations that we can define to optimize our application’s performance. We can configure our application using the next.config.js file, which is included in the root directory of the project. In this file, we can define various settings like webpack configuration, image optimization, and environment variables.

Building pages:

In Next.js, pages are created by simply creating a file in the pages directory. Next.js automatically routes pages based on their file names. We can also define dynamic routes using the square bracket notation. For example, to create a dynamic route for a blog post, we can create a file called [slug].js in the pages directory.

Working with data:

Next.js provides built-in data fetching methods like getStaticProps and getServerSideProps. These methods can be used to fetch data from APIs or databases and then render it. getStaticProps is used to fetch data at build time, while getServerSideProps is used to fetch data at runtime.

Styling components:

Next.js supports various CSS-in-JS libraries like Styled-components, Emotion, and Tailwind CSS. We can use these libraries to style our components and pages. We can also use plain CSS by importing the CSS file into our component.

Optimizing for SEO:

Next.js provides built-in support for SEO optimization. We can use built-in head components and metadata to improve our application’s SEO. We can also use third-party SEO optimization tools like Next SEO to further optimize our application.

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Deploying the application:

Next.js applications can be deployed to various platforms like Vercel, Netlify, or AWS. These deployment platforms help manage the application’s build, deployment, and scaling process. We can use the CLI tools provided by these platforms to deploy our application with ease.


Next.js provides a powerful framework that helps build performant, scalable, and SEO-optimized web applications. With the help of this guide, you can build your own application with ease. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can create a Next.js application that meets your specific needs and requirements.

Building Next.js can seem daunting at first, but with the right tools and mindset, you can create a powerful and efficient website that meets all your needs. Here are some steps to follow when building a Next.js website:

  1. Start with the basics: Before diving into the more complex aspects of Next.js, it’s important to have a solid foundation in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Make sure you’re comfortable with these languages and have a good understanding of how they work together.
  2. Install Next.js: Once you have a strong grasp on the basics, it’s time to install Next.js. This can be done using npm or yarn, depending on your preference. Follow the installation instructions carefully to ensure everything is set up correctly.
  3. Create pages: Next.js uses a pages directory to handle routing. Create a new folder called pages and start creating your website’s pages. Each page should be a separate file, and the file name should match the URL of the page. For example, if you want your homepage to be located at /home, create a file called home.js inside the pages directory.
  4. Add components: Components are reusable pieces of code that can be used across multiple pages. Create a components directory and start building out your website’s components. Make sure to keep your components organized and easy to understand.
  5. Handle data: Next.js has built-in support for fetching data from APIs and databases. Use this functionality to handle any data your website needs to display. Make sure to handle errors and loading states appropriately.
  6. Deploy your website: Once you’re happy with your website, it’s time to deploy it. Next.js supports a variety of hosting options, including Vercel, AWS, and Google Cloud. Choose the option that works best for you and follow the deployment instructions carefully.

Overall, building a Next.js website requires a mix of technical knowledge and creativity. By following these steps and staying organized, you can create a website that meets your needs and delights your users.

Thank you for taking the time to read this article about how to build with Next.js! We hope that you have learned something new and valuable today. If you’re not already familiar with Next.js, it’s a powerful framework that enables developers to build modern web applications with ease. Whether you’re building a simple static website or a complex dynamic web application, Next.js has got you covered.

One of the great things about Next.js is that it’s built on top of React, so if you’re already familiar with React, you’ll find that Next.js is easy to pick up. Additionally, Next.js provides a number of features that make building with React even easier, such as automatic code splitting, server-side rendering, and dynamic imports. With Next.js, you can focus on building your application, rather than worrying about the underlying infrastructure.

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If you’re looking to get started with Next.js, we recommend that you first familiarize yourself with React. Once you have a good understanding of React, you can start exploring the features that Next.js provides. There are plenty of resources available online to help you learn, including the Next.js documentation, tutorials, and community forums. Don’t be afraid to ask questions and seek out help when you need it!

In conclusion, we believe that Next.js is an excellent choice for anyone looking to build modern web applications. Its ease of use, powerful features, and robust community make it a great tool for developers of all experience levels. We hope that you’ve found this article helpful, and we wish you the best of luck in your Next.js journey!

People also ask about How To Build Next Js:

  1. What is Next.js?

    Next.js is a popular open-source React framework used for building server-side rendered (SSR) and static websites. It provides features such as automatic code splitting, optimized performance, and easy setup for serverless deployments.

  2. How do I start a new Next.js project?

    You can start a new Next.js project by running the following command in your terminal: npx create-next-app. This will create a new Next.js project with all the necessary files and dependencies, ready to be customized.

  3. How do I add pages to my Next.js project?

    You can add a new page to your Next.js project by creating a new file in the pages directory. The filename will become the URL path of the page. For example, if you create a file named about.js, the URL path will be /about.

  4. How do I handle dynamic routes in Next.js?

    You can handle dynamic routes in Next.js by creating a file with brackets in the pages directory. For example, if you create a file named [id].js, the URL path will match any route that has a parameter named id. You can then access the value of the parameter using useRouter hook.

  5. How do I fetch data in Next.js?

    You can fetch data in Next.js using the built-in getStaticProps or getServerSideProps functions. These functions allow you to pre-render the data on the server-side before sending it to the client. You can then access the data using props in your components.

  6. How do I deploy my Next.js project?

    You can deploy your Next.js project to a variety of platforms such as Vercel, Netlify, or AWS. These platforms offer easy integration with Git and provide serverless deployment options. You can also choose to deploy your project manually by building the project and uploading the output files to your hosting provider.

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